1 / 17
slider modesheet modefullscreen mode

 

Valérian Mazataud

Sur les traces d'Énergie-Est

→  commander un tirage papier
EN | FR

Amener les sables bitumineux de l'Alberta à l'Océan Atlantique afin d'augmenter les exportations de pétrole lourd, tel est l'actuel méga projet de 12 milliards de dollars CAD de l'entreprise TransCanada qui soulève bien des débats au Canada et plus particulièrement au Québec.
Sur les 4600 km de pipeline du projet, plus de 1500 restent à construire, dont une grande partie au Québec sur les rives du majestueux fleuve St-Laurent. Le projet qui transporterait quotidiennement un record de 1,1 million de barils de pétrole ne reçoit cependant l'appui que de 33% de la population de la province. Et pour cause, son tracé traverse un total de 900 cours d'eau, d'innombrables zones humides, et passe également à proximité de nombreuses prises d'eau municipales. Avec un taux de fuite inévitable annoncé à plus de 100.000 litres par an, la question n'est pas de savoir si il y aura des fuites, mais plutôt quand et où.
Embarqués dans un camping-car, nous avons remonté le tracé Québécois annoncé du pipeline Énergie Est, à la rencontre des communautés qui le jalonnent : Un ornithologue du fleuve St-Laurent s'inquiète pour l'un des plus grands rassemblements d'oies des neiges d'Amérique. À Kamouraska, Gertrude Madore se soucie du sort des anguilles que sa famille pêche depuis des générations. Sa jeune voisine quant à elle vit des herbes marines de l'estran qu'elle récolte et vend à de grands restaurants avec l'étiquette «produit menacé par le développement pétrolier». À la frontière du Nouveau-Brunswick, une réserve de chasseurs tente tant bien que mal de se conformer aux exigences de l'entreprise de transport de pétrole alors qu'un maire frondeur se bat pour protéger l'eau potable de sa ville.
Avec Antoine Dion-Ortega et Pierrick Blin
---
With both the Keystone XL (South) and the Northern Gateway (West) pipeline projects being clogged in endless political controversies, the Canadian oil industry has turned to the East as the only remaining exit route for its oil sands. However, TransCanada's $12-billion Energy East project has fallen under growing public scrutiny, especially in the Eastern province of Quebec.   
On the 4600 km-long pipeline, more than 1500 km are yet to be built, the bulk of it along the St. Lawrence River in Quebec, a province where only 33 per cent of the population is supporting the project. In fact, the pipeline would cross around 900 rivers and streams, countless wetlands, and run close to numerous municipal water intakes. With a leaking rate of more than 100,000 litres per year, the question is not whether or not the pipeline will leak, but rather when and where.
Last fall, we rented a camping car and followed the pipeline's exact route to meet with the communities along its way. In Montmagny, we ran into an ornithologist concerned about the impact a leak could have on the annual gatherings of the snow goose along the St. Lawrence. In Kamouraska, Gertrude Madore is worried about the already declining local eel population that her family has been fishing for many generations. Her younger neighbour is now sticking on each of her sea weed product a label saying "product threatened by oil development." Near the border with New-Brunswick, a hunting reserve is trying to meet the standards of the pipeline company, while a mayor is struggling to protect its water intake.
With Antoine Dion-Ortega and Pierrick Blin
 

With both the Keystone XL (South) and the Northern Gateway (West) pipeline projects being clogged in endless political controversies, the Canadian oil industry has turned to the East as the only remaining exit route for its oil sands. However, TransCanada's $12-billion Energy East project has fallen under growing public scrutiny, especially in the Eastern province of Quebec.   
On the 4600 km-long pipeline, more than 1500 km are yet to be built, the bulk of it along the St. Lawrence River in Quebec, a province where only 33 per cent of the population is supporting the project. In fact, the pipeline would cross around 900 rivers and streams, countless wetlands, and run close to numerous municipal water intakes. With a leaking rate of more than 100,000 litres per year, the question is not whether or not the pipeline will leak, but rather when and where.
Last fall, we rented a camping car and followed the pipeline's exact route to meet with the communities along its way. In Montmagny, we ran into an ornithologist concerned about the impact a leak could have on the annual gatherings of the snow goose along the St. Lawrence. In Kamouraska, Gertrude Madore is worried about the already declining local eel population that her family has been fishing for many generations. Her younger neighbour is now sticking on each of her sea weed product a label saying "product threatened by oil development." Near the border with New-Brunswick, a hunting reserve is trying to meet the standards of the pipeline company, while a mayor is struggling to protect its water intake.